Andrei Khrzhanovsky was born in 1939 in Moscow. Multi-talented, he is a screenwriter, animator, documentary maker and director. In 1962 he graduated from VGIK, having studied under Lev Kuleshov. His 1968 film The Glass Harmonica was famously banned in the Soviet Union. This led to his forced military service for two years. On his return from military service he made The Butterfly (1972). In the 1970s he worked on cartoons based on Alexander Pushkin’s works.