Lev Atamanov was one of the founders of Soviet animation. Atamanov was born in Moscow in 1905 to an Armenian family. He directed classics of Soviet animation, such as the prize-winning fairy tales The Golden Antelope (1954), and The Snow Queen (1957). In his works Atamanov subtly conveyed the national specificity of folklore and fairy tales combining it with breathtaking hand-drawn animation. The famed Japanese animator, Hayao Miyazaki cites the Snow Queen as a decisive influence on his work.